Climate change will make your coffee cost more and taste worse
Most people think that climate change is real and is already impacting the world. But not many people think climate change affects. And it’s understandable when you concentrate on impacts that milder winters and more intense storms that never happen to hit you. So, think about this more direct impact on the place on your life: imagine paying more for coffee that has a worse taste.
Does it still feel true? Because it makes coffee producers, and if they are concerned should also. A new report, the latest in a long series of studies on climate change and coffee production, revealed that more than half of the current Ethiopian coffee crop grows on you will not be conducive to agriculture in The near future areas. The results were published in the journal Nature Plantes. Other reports have similar forecasts for the rest of the world: Brazil, Indonesia, Colombia. All these places will have their coffee-producing lands reduced by half by 2050.
We are used to seeing global warming affecting cold places. Polar bears floating in small icebergs and penguins roam the exposed mud. But as the name suggests, it is a global phenomenon. Coffee grows in hot climates, so you might not think of it as being at risk. If it gets warmer then what? Coffee and likes hot.
We do not grow coffee everywhere
Simply because coffee plants grow in warm places means not that they can grow in all hot spots. Moreover, these specific premises have a direct impact on the taste of coffee. Arabica, like wine grapes, have something called terroir: the environment in which they grow changes taste. This is why the same variety of coffee beans grown in two different countries (or even on both sides of the same mountain) have flavor profiles.
A potential “solution” to a decreasing amount of usable land is to move coffee production to a higher altitude where it will be colder. This recent report revealed that you can actually increase available land four times. But you can not switch to a high altitude environment without changing the way coffee tastes. You may need to modify the varieties of the plant, and at least you will have different out there up to the soil quality. And that does not mean that there is a limit to how far they can go. This mountain tops sometimes.
And do not forget, the task of moving all coffee production into new areas is not only to solve the problems of the factory. Humans grow these beans and humans must change their lives to grow coffee differently. Arabica and robusta millions of farmers all over the world should physically move and adapt to a new and growing culture. This is no small feat, and it is not free.
Changing the way we grow coffee will cost you money
Some of the costs of a coffee crop will be borne by investors. Businesses will have to find ways to settle the agricultural side of things. Maybe if people feel more comfortable with genetic engineering, we might try to make them more resistant to Arabica heat and drought plants, but now public opinion is inhibiting this tactic. Otherwise, consumers bear the costs of having to establish new farms and try different cropping techniques.